Friday, August 8, 2008

Zhangjiajie City

Zhangjiajie is a rising tourist city famous for its unique natural scenery and abundant tourism resources. It is located in the northwest of Hunan province China, about 400 kilometers away from Changsha, capital of Hunan, covering a total area of 9,563 square kilometers with 76% mountainous area. Among the total population of 1.62 million, almost 72% people belong to ethic minorities, including Tujia , Bai and Miao nationalities.

Zhangjiajie is a prefecture-level city which consists of Yongding and Wulingyuan Districts, Cili and Sangzhi Counties. Wulingyuan District, also called Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area, was listed into the World Natural Heritage Catalogue by the UNESCO in 1992, as it boasts the most beautiful natural scenery in China. What’s more, Zhangjiajie was awarded the title of “World Geological Park” in 2004 and honored as “Number-One Miraculous Mountain in the world “and "The Original Manuscript of Chinese Landscape Painting."

Quartz Sandstone Peak Forest and Karst Caves constitute the outstanding landscape features in Zhangjiajie , which is rare in the world. Here you'll find yourself with hundreds of grotesque peaks, beautiful waters, towering trees, deep valleys, marvelous caves and exuberant forest that have formed a complete primitive ecological environment. Indeed, Zhangjiajie is a perfect combination of the beauty of Guilin, the grotesqueness of Mount Huang, the peril of Mount Hua and the magnificence of Mount Tai. Therefore, it enjoys the reputation of “an enlarged potted landscaping”, “a miniature fairyland” as well as “a maze of nature”, integrating the characteristics of quietness, wildness, mystery, beauty, grotesqueness and elegance.

There are over 300 marvelous scenic spots in Zhangjiajie in which Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area is regarded as the core of Zhangjiajie attractions , occupying a total area of 397 square kilometers, including Zhangjiajie National Forest Park , two major Nature Reserves -Tianzi Mountain and Suoxi Valley and the new Yangjiajie Scenic Area. Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, set up in 1982, is the first authorized national forest park in China, featured by its unique hills, queer ridges and peaks, tranquil valleys, thrilling streams and abundant fauna and flora with hospitable climate. There are six main scenic spots and over 90 smaller ones in the park,which will bring you a lot of excitement and fun.

Near the downtown area of Zhangjiajie stands grand Tianmen Mountain called “the Soul of Wuling" and there is a beautiful Maoyan River that enjoys the reputation of "one-hundred-li long painted corridor" , a Jiutian Cave named “the number-one cave in Asia” and other charming scenic spots in Wulingyuan. All these natural wonders are worth exploring. In addition, you can take great delight in touring the Puguang Buddhist Temple, Hongjiaguan- Former Residence of Marshal Helong, Tujia Folk Custom Park, the Old House and other cultural sites in Zhangjiajie.

After more than twenty years of development , tourism industry has become the leading industry in Zhangjiajie, along with other industries related to tourism growing rapidly. In the meantime, ecotourism in this city has been developed greatly. When you come to Zhangjiajie, you will not only enjoy magnificent natural scenery but also the appealing folk custom and the hospitality of local people as well as other thrilling tourist activities . We are sure that your visit to Zhangjiajie is really exciting, joyful and unforgettable.

Geological Features:

The geological formation of Zhangjiajie belongs to the New Cathaysian tectonic system. About three billion and eight thousand years ago, this place was a large patch of ocean. After a series of geological changes including Wuling-xuefeng, Indo-china, Yanshan, Himalayan and Neotectonic movements, the bottom of ocean rose out of the surface, and the quartzite sandstone pillars and peaks took shape after the gradual cutting, eroding and crumbling of Nature for millions of years.

The entire area is covered with towering cliffs of sandstone of quartz and dense unspoiled forests that conceal fantastic caves full of stalactites and stalagmites. The quartzite sandstone hills in Wulingyuan are unique in their large number and fairly pure composition . With the changes of seasons and the weather, they constantly present different views to spectators. The highest peak in this area is Tuerwangyue Feng or Rabbit Watching the Moon Peak and Mt. Tianzi is particularly recommended for its good view.

Climate Conditions:
Zhangjiajie belongs to the sub-tropical humid monsoon climate. Splendid mountains and thick trees help form a favorable climate: warm in winter and cool in summer. The annual average temperature is16℃ and the annual average sunshine hours and the amount of rainfall are 1440 hours and 1400 mm respectively. The average frost-free period over the past years is about 216 to 269 days a year. The charm of the scenery varies with the alternation of seasons, so it attracts visitors all year round.

Besides its pleasant climate, the primitive ecological environment also offers visitors a rare chance to breathe healthy air which is believed to be rich in negative oxygen. It is also believed that hypertension patient may have their blood pressure lowered if they stay in the forest park for a period of time. This is due to the fact that dust particles in the park are 88% lower and the air 10% mistier than outside.

History and indigenous culture:

In ancient times, Zhangjiajie was regarded as remote and inaccessible. The earliest human activities can be traced to 100, 000 years ago and the legendary god of Agriculture was said to live a reclusive life here. Local story also indicates that Zhang liang, a lord in the Han Dynasty , lived here in seclusion and was buried below Qingyan Mountain.

Zhangjiajie was formerly named Dayong city, founded in 1988.As Zhangjiajie National Forest Park is increasingly becoming known to world, Dayong city was renamed as Zhangjiajie city under the permission of the State Council in 1994. Now, Zhangjiajie has basically developed a large-scale, high-rank tourist resort where strange mountains, green lakes, deep caves, serene valleys and historical culture and special folk customs are well blended into a beautiful painting.

Zhangjiajie is home to major three ethnic groups—Tujia, Bai and Miao people, which together make up approximately 70% of the local population. Up to now, these people still remain much of their traditional culture, including the language, festivals, clothing, and architectural styles as well. The long history of many minorities and their folk customs such as marriage custom, singing and dancing together with modern culture all contribute to the charm of Zhangjiajie. One thing is certain: All of these will give you a lasting memory.

Zhangjiajie Tianzi Mountain Nature Reserve

Tianzi Mountain lies in the northwest of Wulingyuan and stands at a position of tripartite confrontation with Zhangjiajie National Park, and Suoxi Valley. The mount is dotted with nearly 100 natural platforms for sightseeing, more than 2000 stone peaks and dozens of waterfalls and springs. The sea of clouds, the wavelike stone ranges, the snowscape in the winter and the sunrise are the most spectacular.

The surrounding spots are mainly composed of Yu Bi Feng , Xi Hai , Tian Zi Ge , Shen Tang Wan , and so on.

Yu Bi Feng

Xi Hai

Tian Zi Ge

Shen Tang Wan

In this subtropical virgin forest, everywhere you can see bizarre plant species and precious birds and animals. Visitors can reach Tianzi Mountain by telpher or via South Heaven Gate.

Zhangjiajie Maoyan River

Maoyan River is a 50-kilometer river lying in the upstream area of Li River in Yongding District of Zhangjiajie City. It is also called Rock River because of rocky cliffs on both sides of the river.
Maoyan River is famous for the green mountains along the river, clear water, queer rocks, many shoals and rapids. Drifting in the river one can experience the breathtaking feeling of drifting as well as enjoy the sight of the particularly beautiful scene along the river. There are over 30 scenic spots along the river. Among which the Rock River Gorge is the best of all. Cliffs rise steeply up to 500 meters. Many water falls are seen on both sides of the river. Shuidongzi Water Fall is the most magnificent one. Water pours out from a cave 70 meters above the river and formed a huge several decameters wide before it falls scattered into the river. It is no wonder that visitors enjoy lingering about such terrific mountains and rivers.


Zhangjiajie Yellow Dragon Cave

The Yellow Dragon Cave has four layers and covers an area of about 20 square kilometers. With a vertical height up to 100 meters, the cave is composed of one storage, two streams, three waterfalls, four pools, 13 platforms and 46 corridors, as well as countless stalagmites. Among all stalactites in the Yellow Dragon Cave, the most miraculous are Ding Hai Shen Zhen and Long Wang Bao Zuo . Ding Hai Shen Zhen stands 19.2 meters high at a diameter of 10 cm. In 1998, Ding Hai Shen Zhen is insured for the value of one hundred million yuan.


Zhangjiajie Yellow Dragon Cave

The Yellow Dragon Cave has four layers and covers an area of about 20 square kilometers. With a vertical height up to 100 meters, the cave is composed of one storage, two streams, three waterfalls, four pools, 13 platforms and 46 corridors, as well as countless stalagmites. Among all stalactites in the Yellow Dragon Cave, the most miraculous are Ding Hai Shen Zhen and Long Wang Bao Zuo . Ding Hai Shen Zhen stands 19.2 meters high at a diameter of 10 cm. In 1998, Ding Hai Shen Zhen is insured for the value of one hundred million yuan.


Zhangjiajie Tujia Folk Custom Park

With an area of over 5 hectares, Tujia Folk Custom Park is a large-scale cultural tourist attraction, which is mainly built to demonstrate Tujia people's folk custom in various aspects such as architecture, food, agriculture, military art etc. Most of the buildings here are constructed with wood and stone with the characteristics of carved girder and painted columns, upturned eaves, especially the exquisite workmanship and ingenious construction are greatly acclaimed by the tourists. What's more, tourists express much admiration on the programs held in the park of its splendid culture and magnificent folk custom. In April, 2001, former premier Zhu Rongji visited the park and gave a high appraisal of it. In September, 2002, the park successfully held a large-scale Maogusi Dance Party. This activity and the Nine-layer Diaojiaolou Building were listed in the Guinness World Record. The park was regarded as one of the 4A National Tourist Attractions in China in January, 2004.


Tianmen Mountain National Forest Park

Tianmen Mountain, which is only 8 kilometers away from the downtown and with elevation at 1518.6 meters, is the holy place of Zhangjiajie City and revered as “Soul of Zhangjiajie” and the first fairy mountain in western Hunan Province.

Tianmen Mountain is a tourist and holiday resort integrating miraculous unique geological appearances, old-line religious culture, extraordinarily splendorous humanity relics and abundant precious natural resources.


Tianmen Mountain Cableway, the longest passenger cableway in the world with a length of 7200 meters and a height gap of 1277 meters. It will give you an unforgettable memory in all your life.

Tongtian Avenue . Tongtian Avenue has 99 turns symbolizing that the Heaven has nine palaces. It is worth the title --- wonder of highway in the world. Through Tongtian Avenue, one reaches directly the Tianti--- celestial ladder. The grand celestial-like scene came into view.


There are altogether nine hundred and ninety-nine steps in the Tianti which runs to the Heaven Gate and is also the religious site for praying for happiness.

Tianmen Cave is the natural water-eroded cave with the highest elevation in the world. In the year 263, the thousand-meter high cliff of Songliang Mountain suddenly broke open into a door-like cave which became a rare wonder of the world. Hence Songliang Mountain is change to Tianmen Mountain. Tianmen Cave runs south-northward with a height of 131.5 meters, a width of 57 meters and a depth of 60 meters. It’s much like a gate towards the heaven.

In 1999, the masters of international stunt flying for the first time piloted the planes to fly through Tianmen Cave. There are 800 million audiences watching the live coverage.

In 2006, the Russia Air Force Aerobatic Flight Show was held in Zhangjiajie. It composed a new legend of Tianmen Mountain.


Tianmen Temple, which covers an area of more than 10,000 square meters, has enjoyed a booming scene of pilgrims’ worship since the Ming Dynasty, and is the Buddhist center of Western Hunan. It was first built in Ming Dynasty and the present Tianmen Mountain Temple is a rebuilt one on the original site.

Tianmen Academy, built in 1303, the seventh year of Dade Period in Yuan Dynasty. It was destroyed in a battle in 1352. The present one is a rebuilt one on the original site. It is a cultural holy place of Tianmen Mountain.

Tianmen Mountain is also the second national forest park in Zhangjiajie City. It boasts intact primitive forests. There are a flood of rare trees and some precious medicine herbs. Here is still the paradise of the animals. All these shape the mountain into a “primitive garden in the air” that can’t find in another place.

Zhangjiajie Yuanjiajie

Located in the northwest part of the Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, Yuanjiajie is a naturally formed platform mountain, surrounded by higher summits which are divided by deep valleys. Added to this scene is an array of amazing lesser peaks and grotesque rocks. Each one stands in the valley and possesses its own peculiar shape. The foremost attractions in this area include: Back Garden, breathtaking Mihun Stage, and the First Bridge in the World.



First Bridge in the World

Zhangjiajie Xiuhuashanguan

Xiuhuashanguan is the first Tujia people’s museum in China. The long mysterious culture and the rich special national customs are combined harmoniously, they were called as “the miniature of West-Hunan culture” and “the spirit of Tujia nationality”. The collections add up to 15,088 pieces, especially well-known for the Tujia bed carved with flowers and the colorful stone sculpture in Ming dynasty. It is worthy of the name “ Tujia dynamic museum” and welcomed by the tourists from all over the world.


Zhangjiajie Junsheng Painting Institute

Sandstone Painting Introduction

Ancestors of Tujia nationality have lived on this quartz sandstone land for thousands of years and no one has ever expected that there is a son of Tujia people, who changes the sleeping sand into a new type of world recognized art — sandstone painting. Li Junsheng, born in 1963, grew up in a very poor family and likes drawing since his childhood. One day, he found people like to spread color cobblestones on the wall when repairing houses and it’s very pretty, which inspired his idea of painting with sandstone. Li Junsheng’s sandstone paintings break through the using of traditional painting materials and use nature materials by making use of the hue of natural plant creatively, are of great artistic values.


sandstone painting

Zhangjiajie National Forest Park

Zhangjiajie National Forest Park locates in the northwest of Wulingyuan, neighboring Suoxiyu and Tianzi Mountain Nature Reserve. It covers an area of 4300 ha. with 97% forest coverage. The average rainfall of the national park is 1200mm to 1600mm and the average temperature is 16℃ year round. The forest park has 98 woody plant families which include 517 species, over twice of the total in Europe. Half of the gymnosperm species can be found in the forest park.

Zhangjiajie National Forest Park was a state-run forest farm several years ago. In early 1980s, the forest was found an attractive site and, upon the approval by the State Council, it was established as the first national forest park in China in 1982. It is famous for its unique natural landform of sandstone forest and the spectacle of virgin forest.

Huangshi Village and Jinbi Stream are the two most attractive spots in the forest park.

Huangshi Village

Located at an elevation of 1300 meters, Huangshi Village is the biggest sightseeing platform in the Zhangjiajie National Forest Park. There is a local saying that he who does not reach Huangshi Village does not pay a true visit to Zhangjiajie. There are a couple of distinctive spots along the sightseeing route, such as Tian Shu Bao Xia , Nan Tian Yi Zhu , Front Garden, Jin Gui Tan Hai , etc. The sunrise is another marvelous spectacle in Huangshi Village. Visitors can climb up from the front gate or take the cableway to the peak.


Jinbi Stream

The Yellow River and the Yangtze River are prominent on a world map, but even on a small-scale map of Zhangjiajie, Golden Whip Stream appears as just a fine thread. In the opinion of many tourists, this is the most beautiful and memorable waterway. When visiting Golden Whip Stream, vice governor of Colorado, USA, Nancy Dick, remarked these words: "People commonly say that the Great Canyon is very fantastic, but I think Golden Whip Stream is even more fantastic. It is the most beautiful place in the world, and I'll remember this place forever."

With a length of 7.5 kilometers, Golden Whip Stream is famous for its pristine water, its verdant mountains, its steep cliffs and its serene valley. As a veritable "paradise" for plants, its pathways are adorned by an abundance of flowers, trees, and grasses. And it is also a kingdom of animals.

Golden Whip Stream is named after Jin Bian Crag, its landmark spot, and runs from Laomo Bay to Shui Rao Si Men. The major spots along the stream include Yingbin Crag , Jinbian Crag, Zicao Pool, Qian Li Xiang Hui , Shui Rao Si Men.


Jinbi Stream


Qian Li Xiang Hui

Shui Rao Si Men

Zhangjiajie Baofeng Lake

Baofeng Lake is located at 2 kilometers in the south of Suoxi Town. There is a deep and serene valley and the pellucid lake reflects a picture of verdant mountains. Here, the lake and mountains serve as a foil to each other. The most distinctive spots include Gao Xia Ping Hu , Ying Wo Gu Zhai , Jue Bi Fei Pu and Yixiantian Valley . In 2003, it is ranked as AAAA tourist spot in China.


Zhangjiajie Dayong Town

Dayong Town is located in Jiefang Road of Zhangjiajie City, visiting the Dayong Town, you can see both simple and unsophisticated suspended buildings of Tujia Nationality, supernatural and beautiful village of Miao Nationality, wind-rain bridge with romantic and poly posture of Dong Nationality, mystical and august Pan King’s Palace of Yao Nationality, and also quiet, deep and flowery lanes and one screen wall facing the gate of Bai Nationality.

Dayong Town is composed of Zhangjiajie Museum area and Zhangjiajie multinational immaterial culture showing hall. The hall mainly consists of village of Tujia Nationality, village of Miao Nationality, village of Dong Nationality, village of Yao Nationality, hall of Bai Nationality. In order to really reproduce the unique living situations of all national minorities, Dayong Town has collected a great deal of precious living articles, and invited some top folk actors to take part in Dayong Town, to perform folk art theaters in Zhangjiajie. The tourists can come to their scene, to learn from the folk-custom activities such as making rice paste, weaving silk tapestry, blanch and dye with wax printing, listening to crying marry, reading woman’s handwritings and etc., and feel the brilliant and multicoloured immaterial cultural heritages of the minorities.


Zhangjiajie Jiutian Cave

Jiutian Cave—the first cave in Asia: its name is obtained for its nine skylights connected with the ground. The cave is divided into upper, middle and lower layers with a total area of 2.5 million square meters, in which there are layers of stalagmites, stelae and stalactites in beautiful shapes and peculiar structures everywhere. It is an uncommon underground gem. In 1987, it was identified as “the first cave in Asia” after three on-site investigations of over twenty experts in solution caves from seventeen countries. In 1995, it was designed as an “Exploration Base of International Limestone Cave Association” and received as its member.


Zhangjiajie hiking and canyoning

Honghe Valley
Taihua Gorge

A journey through Zhangjiajie surely offers you unique and unforgettable experiences. Adventure activities, including hiking, caving, cycling, driving, rafting, picnicking, fishing, tasting, plus bracing mountain walks and rock climbing – will make your stay exhilarating.

Qixing Mountain, Honghe Valley, Taihua and Wudi Gorges are good places for hiking and canyoning and very popular among backpackers.

Zhangjiajie Colorful festivals

Zhangjiajie International Forest Conservation Festival

The International Forest Conservation Festival is held in Zhangjiajie every year centering on the theme of “the earth calls for green and human being long for forest”, usually taking two or three days, which has greatly boosted the fame of this tourist attraction. During the festival, you can experience many exciting activities, including tasting delicious local food , viewing qigong shows and local art performances. On March 21, 2007, the opening of Zhangjiajie International Forest Conservation Festival attracted quite a number of tourists at home and abroad, advocating the idea of “green, ecology and harmony”, which was well-received by the public.


Zhangjiajie Drifting

With the high mountains, deep valleys, spectacular waterfalls and clear streams, Maoyan River is quite suitable for drifting. Sometimes, it flows wildly through a narrow gorge; Sometimes, it advances calmly like a gentle lady. Along the river, green mountains rise sharply from the valley , with more than 30 fascinating waterfalls. You will find yourself have enough freedom to be yourself when canoeing in the river.

Another notable river for drifting is called Mengdong River regarded as "Number-One drifting in the World", nearly 40 minutes drive of downtown Zhangjiajie .Mengdong River is situated 80km southeast of Zhangjiajie city, nestled among steep and verdant mountains. It flows through a primitive canyon with towering limestone cliffs, which is an ideal place for retreats. Rafting usually takes you 3 hours, ending at Furong town that is well preserved with old streets and wooden buildings, used to be named "Wangcun" until a famous movie entitled "Hibiscus Town" was filmed there. It is really worth visiting.

Maoyan River

Zhangjiajie Enjoy Hot Springs

Hot Mineral Baths are unique tourism resources in Zhangjiajie, developed on the basis of natural conditions. If you visit Zhangjiajie in winter, don’t miss a good chance to take hot mineral baths. Mineral waters heated naturally at 53 degrees Celsius are available in Zhangjiajie.

Jiangya Thermal Spring Resort


More than twenty various outdoor and indoor swimming pools with different functions are built in Jiangya Thermal Spring Resort, Cili County, Zhangjiajie. It has comprehensive service facilities such as foot massage, sauna, beauty salon, tea house, snack bar, shops, gymnasium and other recreations. The resort was formally opened to the public on April 21, 2003 and since then was very popular among tourists .If you come here, you will be deeply impressed by its hot spring culture and hospitality of staff. Besides, there are different rooms, apartments and conference halls which can cater for the diversified needs of guests. Here you will be at ease to experience the natural mineral baths that are good for your health.


Wanfu Thermal Spring Resort

Wanfu Thermal Springs Resort is located in Cili County, 70 kilometers away from Wulingyuan, which is also an ideal resort for you to relax your body and mind in winter. It occupies a land of 282 mu , with 48 ponds of hot springs. The principal part of this resort includes a five-star hotel, bathroom, exhibition hall, amusement park in water, alpine garden, souvenir shop, etc.


Zhangjiajie Food and Cuisine

Pepole in China’s mountainous regions are known for eating unique things and the Hunanese are fond of spicy food ,while Zhangjiajie people prefer both. As Zhangjiajie is a tourist destination ,many standard Chinese dishes and the famous ones of ethnic groups are available like sauteed preserved pork and fish. Most food is quite delicious, which will definitely add color to your journey in Zhangjiajie.

Sauteed Preserved Pork

Tujia cuisines are predominated with dishes like Tujia hot pot, fried bee eggs, and tuanniancai. Tujia specialties such as ge fen, rice wine, cold noodles and Ciba are tasty very much. In addition, “Tujia niancai” means that the dishes are only presented on the eve of the spring festival, including steamed meat , chicken soup with chestnuts, preserved fish and so on. At that time , Tujia people will reflect on the past and pay tribute to their ancestors. Dishes are usually placed at the center of the table so that everyone around the table can share them. And a Tujia hot pot usually is the favorite of all family members.

Sauteed Preserved Fish

Other local specialties include wild rabbit, snake soup and the hot pot of dog meat. For those fond of spicy food, try the sauteed beef with wild pepper. Breakfast generally consists of buns, noodles , dumplings , fried bread stick , soybean milk and Won ton.

Dried Tofu Slices

Glutinous Rice Pie

Glutinous Rice balls

Zhangjiajie Tangerines


Tangerines grow usually in Wulingyuan or Jiangya which are a specialty of Zhangjiajie. When they are ripe in autumn, they look very beautiful and taste very sweet with sort of sour flavor. It is a must for you to taste this fruit when making a journey to Wulingyuan.

Zhangjiajie Dove Trees


Among scarce plants, the dove tree is perhaps the most famous and reputed “living fossil”, survived during the Glacier of the Fourth Period . Botanists were not able to trace it’s origin until the middle of 19th century. In the National Nature Reserve of Eight Public Mountain located in Shangzhi County, there exists a small valley replete with over 10, 000 wild dove trees, hence named “dove tree valley” boasting the world’s biggest “ king of dove tree” which is 30 meters high and 1.5 meters diametric, covering 600 square meters with its leaves and branches.

Zhangjiajie Pangolins


Pangolins, listed under the national second rank of protected animal, is good at in digging the hole in high mountains. It is usually half meters long with hard carapace, long tongue, sharp claw, small legs and eyes ,looking very special.

Lobster Flowers


Lobster flowers usually grow in humid and shady places, named after its shrimp-shaped petals which are red, yellow or purple. Along the bank of Golden Whip Stream, when lobster flowers are in full bloom, you will be stunned by such picturesque scenery at first sight.

Golden Fragrant Pomelo


The Golden Fragrant Pomelo grows mostly along Suoxi Valley or near Wulingyuan. When it is ripe, it tastes very sweet and the biggest one can weigh up to 4 kilograms . To pepole's delight , you can smell its fragrance even far away. It is among the five kinds of famous pomeloes in China, growing mature usually one month before most pomeloes do.

Chinese Chestnuts


Wulingyuan abounds in Chinese chestnuts. They look like hedgehogs which are very funny and people must pay attention not to be pricked when picking them. The soup of chestnuts with chicken is quite nutritious and delicious.

Rhododendron tianmenshanense


Rhododendron tianmenshanense is a new species which was found to grow in Tianmenshan National Forest Park, Zhangjiajie city, named by the Hunan Forest Botanical Garden, Central South University of Forestry and Technology and Tianmenshan National Forest Park. It was officially unveiled in the opening ceremony of Zhangjiajie International Forest Conservation Festival 2007 and its appearance was a contribution to the development of ecological tourism in Zhangjiajie.

Rhesus Monkeys


The rhesus monkey is listed under the second rank of state-protected animal. According to the color of fur, the rhesus monkey in Wulingyuan is classified into blue, yellow and golden macaque. They are very naughty like children and not afraid of human beings. When visitors come close to them and give them some sweets or chocolates, they will be very happy and make good friends with you. Hundreds of them live in forest park or some parts of Zhangjiajie.

Carrying water Bird


It belongs to the first rank of state-protected animal with colorful feather which is very attractive. It is not only beautiful but also interesting and special as it possesses a special organ for preserving water. This bird lives on the top of mountain, flying down brooks and drinking almost 1Kg water every other 5 days or so , and then preserve much water for later days.

Chinese Giant Salamander


Chinese Giant Salamander is also called Baby Fish because its four legs like baby’s arms and its sound is just like cry of baby. They inhabit in cool and clean streams and ponds, belonging to the second rank of state-protected animal and living on small fish, crabs, worms, frogs, etc. In addition, it was listed as the mascot of Zhangjiajie city in the 2007 Zhangjiajie International Forest Conservation Festival.

Zhangjiajie Flora and Fauna

Chinese Giant Salamander
Rhesus Monkeys
Carrying water Bird
Golden Fragrant Pomelo
Chinese chestnuts
Lobster flowers
Dove Trees
Rhododendron tianmenshanense

Wulingyuan Scenic Area is a green treasure store and natural zoo. It lies in the Central China Botanic Region of the Sino-Japanese Botanic Zone, and was a refuge for many ancient species during the Quaternary Glacial Era. There are over 3000 species of plants, above 700 types of trees, up to 450 kinds of ornamental flowers, and about 116 species of vertebrates falling into 50 families.

In addition, hundreds of species of animals are found in Wulingyuan. Among them are rare animals such as Chinese giant salamander, Asiatic wild dog, Asiatic black bear, clouded leopard, Chinese water deer, rhesus monkeys, civets and pangolins, and some 20 rare birds such as tragopan, golden pheasant, white-headed duck and leiothrix.

Chinese Giant Salamander
Chinese Giant Salamander is also called Baby Fish because its four legs like baby’s arms a

Rhesus Monkeys
The rhesus monkey is listed under the second rank of state-protected animal. Ac

Pangolins, listed under the national second rank of protected animal, is good at in diggin

Carrying water Bird
It belongs to the first rank of state-protected animal with colorful feather which is very

Golden Fragrant Pomelo
The Golden Fragrant Pomelo grows mostly along Suoxi Valley or near Wulingyuan. When it is ripe, it

Tangerines grow usually in Wulingyuan or Jiangya which are a specialty of Zhangjiaji

Chinese chestnuts
Wulingyuan abounds in Chinese chestnuts. They look like hedgehogs which are very funny and peopl

Lobster flowers
Lobster flowers usually grow in humid and shady places, named after its shrimp-shaped petals

Dove Trees
Among scarce plants, the dove tree is perhaps the most famous and reputed “li

Rhododendron tianmenshanense

Zhangjiajie Folk Custom

• Introduction of the Minorities in Zhangjiajie
• Tujia Dancing
• Tujia Brocade
• MV
• Songs

Introduction of the Minorities in Zhangjiajie

The Tujias


There are various stories about the origin of this tribe. But one thing is clear--- the Tujias has a long history. It is a hard-working and brave ethnic group.....

The Bais


The Bais are distributed mainly in Dali, Yunnan Province. They have a grand traditional festival: “Dali March Street” which hold from March 15 to March 30 in lunar calendar.....

The Miaos


The Miaos are distributed mainly in Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi and Hainan. They are also among the ancient ethnic groups with a long history......

Tujia Dancing

The Hand- Waving Dance of Tujia Ethnic Grou

The Hand-waving Dance is the most popular ancient dance of the Tujia people. In the past, it was a kind of martial dance and used in fighting with enemy.......

Mao Gu Si Danc


Mao Gu Si means men with a lot of fur in Tujia language. The dance originated from sacrifice ceremony of the ancient Tujia people. It’s the most primitive and roughest type of Tujia Dance.....

Tujia Brocade


The Tujia Brocade was also named Xi Lan Ka Pu, it’s made by hand and has a history of about 2,000 years. It was first used in the imperial palace in Qin and Han Dynasties. In Tujia language “ XiLan” means “ bedcover” and “KaPu” means “flower”. So originally, Xi Lan Ka Pu is a kind of bedcover which brocaded with flowers.